1990s

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Years: 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

The 1990s refers to the years 1990 to 1999; the last decade of the 20th Century. The 90s were marked with rapid progression of globalization and global capitalism following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War. Key forces shaping the decade were the Gulf War; popularization of Personal Computer and Internet leading to the dot.com boom.

Contents

Events and trends

While optimism and hopes were high following the collapse of Communism, the backlash of the Cold War's effect was only beginning, precipitating the continuation of terrorism in Third World regions that were once the frontlines for American and Soviet foreign politics, particularly in Asia. However, during the 1990s many First World economies such as the United States, Canada, Ireland, Australia, and South Korea experienced steady economic growth for nearly the entire decade. The United Kingdom, after the recession of 1991-92 and Black Wednesday, experienced a run of 51 consecutive quarters of economic growth that stretched into the new millenium. Even less affluent nations such as Malaysia saw tremendous improvements in economic prosperity and quality of life during the 1990s.

Many countries, institutions, companies, and organizations also viewed the 90s decade as "a prosperous time", meaning that almost all of them rebounded after many years of failure. Some examples include Apple Computer's revival of power after being at the edge of bankruptcy, breakthroughs in many fields of technology that includes the Internet, virtual reality. Oil and Gas was discovered in many countries and Pope John Paul II's papacy reached its peak.

Nevertheless, the 1990s brought tragic conflicts as well, like the Balkan Wars, the Rwandan genocide, the Battle of Mogadishu in Somalia and the first Gulf War.

Criticism/Backlash of the Decade

Despite denials from various sociologists and media pundits, some feel that the 90s were an era of increasing materialism and growing hypocrisy continued from the 1980s. In general it could still be said that the mindset of the 1980s and 1990s were more or less the same. The 1990s are also widely critized for their controversial pop culture obsessed with gore, sex, violence, and language, along with the 2000s to a somewhat lesser extent. The 1990s nonetheless have a very positive receiving into the 2000s and are still considered quite "modern" even as of 2006, with many genres of media from the decade still being quite cool among youth during the 2000s as no great revolutions in pop culture have occurred for some time and only moderate backlash of the decade itself has yet occurred. Also, while not a criticism of the decade per se, some people see the 1990s as the beginning of the 21st Century rather than the end of the 20th Century in an abstract sense based on the fact that the Cold War, a definitive phoenomenon of the 20th Century, wa 1000 s over by about 1991 and the tech boom began to take off a couple years after, and very 21st Century events such as the rise of the Internet and other information technologies and the expansion of Islamic terrorism began to become prominent in the 1990s.


Technology

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Science

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War, peace, and politics

Image:Gulf war soldiers.jpg Image:Rwandan Genocide Murambi skulls.jpg

1000 o questions of the United States' role as a policing officer of the world. (see also, Black Hawk Down).

Economics

Culture


Trends/Various

  • Extreme sports reached a new height in popularity, and by 1995, were given their own annual tournament on US cable network ESPN, the X-Games.

1000 the leading European artistic film movement by the end of the decade.

  • The 1990s remains a somewhat "cool" decade into the 2000s as many aspects of the 90s continue to be important into the next decade, see New Nineties.


Music

  • Rock music begins to be referred to as "alternative" as it is originated in 1980s underground rock and 1970s punk and begins to lose popularity to hip hop.
  • 1980s backlash, beginning in about 1991 and lasting into the 2000s. During most of the 1990s anything "Eighties" was considered to be ultimately uncool.
  • Music becomes more profane, by end of decade a Parental Advisory sticker becomes acceptable rather than controversial.

Television

  • MTV moves away from music videos and into original television shows such as The Real World, which is cited as the inspiration for the Reality TV boom of the 2000s.

1000 , South Park (1997-), King of the Hill (1997-), and Family Guy (1999-2002, 2005-).

  • Major 1990s slang words/phrases, mostly related to hip hop include "homie", "phat", "da bomb", "Audi 5000", "tight", "word to your mother", "Talk to the hand", "You go girl!", and "Wasssuppp!"


Other significant events

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People

World leaders

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Entertainers

Image:Seinfeld group011.jpg Image:Ace ventura.jpg Image:MariahCarey-NumberOnescover.jpg

Films

See also: 1990s in film

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(1992)

Books & Literature

See also : 1990s Books

Sports figures

See also: 1990s in sports

American Football 
Troy Aikman
Terrell Davis
John Elway
Brett Favre
Jim Kelly
Dan Marino
Joe Montana
Jerry Rice
Bruce Smith
Emmitt Smith
Barry Sanders
Reggie White
Steve Young
Athletics 
Sergey Bubka
Linford Christie
Haile Gebrselassie
Hicham El Guerrouj
Michael Johnson
Australian Rules Football 
Tony Lockett
Baseball 
Roger Clemens
Derek Jeter
Greg Maddux
Mark McGwire
Cal Ripken Jr
Sammy Sosa
Larry Walker
Basketball 
Charles Barkley
Larry Bird
Kobe Bryant
Tim Duncan
Kevin Garnett
Allen Iverson
Michael Jordan
Karl Malone
Shaquille O'Neal
Scottie Pippen
David Robinson
Dennis Rodman
John Stockton
Boxing 
Oscar De La Hoya
George Foreman
Evander Holyfield
Mike Tyson
Cricket 
Curtly Ambrose
Allan Donald
Ian Healy
Brian Lara
Glenn McGrath
Muttiah Muralitharan
Mark Taylor
Sachin Tendulkar
Courtney Walsh
Shane Warne
Steve Waugh
Cycling 
Marco Pantani
Lance Armstrong
Miguel Induráin
Football (soccer)
Dennis Bergkamp
Ryan Giggs
Oliver Kahn
Jurgen Klinsmann
Paolo Maldini
Ronaldo
Alan Shearer
George Weah
Zinedine Zidane
Golf 
Tiger Woods
Ice Hockey 
Wayne Gretzky
Motor Sport 
Dale Earnhardt
Jeff Gordon
Michael Schumacher
Ayrton Senna
Rowing
Steve Redgrave
Matthew Pinsent
Rugby Union 
Jonah Lomu
Rugby League 
Andrew Johns
Brad Fittler

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Skating 
Michelle Kwan
Nancy Kerrigan
Alpine Skiing  
Alberto Tomba
Nordic Skiing 
Bjørn Dæhlie
Tennis 
Andre Agassi
Jennifer Capriati
Steffi Graf
Martina Hingis
Anna Kournikova
Pete Sampras
Monica Seleš
Serena Williams
Venus Williams

See also

External links

cy:1990au da:1990'erne de:1990er et:1990. aastad el:Δεκαετία 1990 es:Años 1990 eo:1990-aj jaroj fr:Années 1990 he:שנות ה-90 hu:1990-es évek io:1990a yari is:1991–2000 it:Anni 1990 ko:1990년대 la:Decennium 200 lt:XX amžiaus 10-as dešimtmetis mi:Ngahurutanga 200 nl:1990-1999 ja:1990年代 no:1990-årene pl:Lata 90. XX wieku pt:Década de 1990 ro:Anii 1990 ru:1990-е simple:1990s sk:90. roky 20. storočia sl:1990. sr:1990е fi:1990-luku sv:1990-talet zh:1990年代 zh-min-nan:1990 nî-tāi

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