Child abuse

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Topics relating to Abuse.
By means

Physical abuse
Torture / Severe Corporal punishment

Psychological abuse
Humiliation / Intimidation / Bullying
Hate speech / Manipulation / Stalking
/ Coercive persuasion / Gang Stalking
Sexual abuse
Sexual assault / Rape
Sexual harassment

By victim

Child abuse / Domestic violence
Prisoner abuse / Elder abuse
Animal abuse

By offender

Police brutality
Human experimentation

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Child abuse is the physical or psychological maltreatment of a child. Child abuse is often synonymous with the term child maltreatment or the term child abuse and neglect.

There are many forms of abuse and neglect and many governments have developed their own legal definition of what constitutes child maltreatment for the purposes of removing a child and/or prosecuting a criminal charge. The Federal Government puts out a full definition of child abuse and neglect and creates a summary of each State definition. To view, go to Definitions of Child Abuse and Neglect: Summary of State Laws [1] that is part of the 2005 State Statute series by the National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information.


Contents

Reporting abuse and neglect in the US

Anyone may make an anonymous report of abuse or neglect. Trained call screeners will either open the case for investigation, or log the report. One report may not be enough to open a case, but multiple reports (by different reporters) may be enough. At that point, someone will investigate the family. The investigators may determine there is no evidence of maltreatment, there is evidence enough to offer support to the family in the home, or that there is evidence enough to remove the child from the home.

Some people who work with children are mandatory reporters. Each State and U.S. Territory designates individuals, typically by professional group, who are mandated by law to report child maltreatment. Such individuals often include health care workers, school personnel, child care providers, social workers, law enforcement officers, and mental health professionals.

Some States also mandate animal control officers, veterinarians, commercial film or photograph processors, substance abuse counselors, and firefighters to report abuse or neglect. Four States--Alaska, Arkansas, Connecticut, and South Dakota--include domestic violence workers on the list of mandated reporters. Approximately eighteen States require all citizens to report suspected abuse or neglect regardless of profession.

Reporting abuse and neglect in Australia

Child abuse and neglect is the subject of mandatory reporting in most Australian jurisdictions. Usually professional people such as doctors, nurses and teachers are bound to report strong evidence of abuse or neglect. State authorities, such as the Child Protection Unit of the Department of Human Services (Victoria), have statutory authority to investigate and deal with child abuse.

Authorities

Authorities protecting children may be called Child Protective Services (CPS), Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS), etc. The profession may be called "children's social worker" (CSW).

Child abuse by authorities

Schools and correctional facilities are frequently charged with child abuse. One particularly notorious program is the Tranquility Bay operation on Jamaica run by the World Wide Association of Specialty Programs and Schools.

See also

External links

de:Kindesmisshandlung fr:Maltraitance sur mineur nl:Kindermishandeling ja:児童虐待 pt:Abuso infantil

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