Energy policy

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Energy policy is a plan of action for tackling issues related to energy supply, demand, development of energy related industry and trade and consequences of energy activities. (This definition is from Merriam Webster dictionary.)

National energy policy may include one or several of the following measures:

  • legislation on commercial energy activities (trading, transport, storage, etc.)
  • legislation affecting energy use, such as efficiency standards, emission standards
  • instructions for state owned energy sector assets and organizations
  • fiscal policies related to energy products and services (taxes, exemptions, subsidies ...
  • international policy measures such as:
    • international energy sector treaties and alliances,
    • general international trade agreements,
    • special relations with energy-rich countries, including military presence and/or domination.

Often the dominant issue of energy policy is the risk of supply-demand mismatch (see: energy crisis). Current energy policies emphasize also the environmental issues (see: climate change).

Some governments issue energy policy statements, but, declared or not, each government practices some kind of energy policy.

Even within a state it is proper to talk about energy policies in plural. Influential actors, such as municipal or regional governments and energy industries, will each exercise his own policy. Policy measures available to these entities are lesser in sovereignty, but may be equally important as national measures.


Energy policies of the United States of America USA

see main article Energy policy of USA

External links

Energy policies in the European Union

Common EU energy policies

Energy policies of EU member states

See also:

External links


"Communism is the rule of soviets plus the electrification of the whole country." Vladimir Ilich Lenin

"Our decision about energy will test the character of the American people and the ability of the President and the Congress to govern this Nation. This difficult effort will be the “moral equivalent of war,” except that we will be uniting our efforts to build and not to destroy". Jimmy Carter, address to the nation on the energy problem, April 18, 1977.

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