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"Explorer" redirects here. For other uses, see Explorer (disambiguation).

Exploration is the act of searching or traveling for the purpose of discovery, e.g. of unknown regions, including space (space exploration), or oil, gas, coal, ores, water (also known as prospecting), or information.

Exploration has existed as long as human beings, but its peak is seen as being during the Age of Exploration when European navigators travelled around the world.

In scientific research, exploration is one of three purposes of research (the other two being description and explanation). Exploration is the attempt to develop an initial, rough understanding of some phenomenon.

Main Explorers Since 1 AD

Erik the Red (950 - 1003) - Viking explorer. After being cast out from Greenland, he sailed to Newfoundland and settled.

Marco Polo (1254 - 1324) - Italian explorer.

John Cabot (c. 1450 - 1499) - Italian explorer. Discovered Newfoundland and claimed it for the Kingdom of England.

Christopher Columbus (1451 - 1506) - Italian explorer. Sailed in 1492 and discovered the "New World" of the Americas.

Juan Ponce de León (c. 1460 - 1521) - Spanish explorer. He explored Florida while vainly trying to find the Fountain of Youth.

Vasco da Gama (c. 1469 - 1524) - Portuguese explorer. He sailed from Portugal to India to rounding the Cape of Good Hope.

Vasco Núñez de Balboa (c. 1475 - 1519) - European Explorer. The first European to cross the Isthmus of Panama view the ocean from American shores.

Francisco Pizarro (c. 1475 - 1541) - Spanish explorer. Conquered the Inca Empire.

Ferdinand_Magellan (1480 - 1521) - Portuguese explorer. Sailed around Cape Horn and named Pacific Ocean. He died in the Philippines which he claimed for Spain but his ship made it back.

Giovanni da Verrazano (c. 1485 - 1528) - Italian explorer. Explored the northeast coast, from Newfoundland to about present day South Carolina.

Hernán Cortés (1485 - 1545) - Spanish explorer. Conquered the Aztec Empire for Spain.

Hernando de Soto (c. 1496 - 1542) - Spanish explorer. Explored Florida, mainly northwest Florida, and discovered the Mississippi River.

Francisco Vásquez de Coronado (c. 1510 - 1554) - Spanish explorer. Searched for the Seven Cities of Gold and discovered the Grand Canyon in the process.

Sir Francis Drake (c. 1540 - 1596) - English explorer. The first Englishman to sail around the world and survive.

Vitus Bering (1681 - 1741) - Danish explorer. Explored the Siberian Far West and Alaska and claimed it for Russia.

James Cook (1728 - 1779) - English naval captain. Explored much of the Pacific including New Zealand, Australia and Hawaii.

Robert Bartlett (1875 - 1946) - Newfoundland captain. Led over 40 expeditions to the Arctic, more than anyone before or since. Was the first to sail north of 88° N lattitude.


Exploration by area

See also

de:Exploration eo:Esplorado fi:Tutkimusmatkailija fr:Exploration he:מגלי ארצות ja:探検 sv:Upptäcktsresa

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