Ohio State University

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The Ohio State University

Image:Osuseal.jpg

MottoDisciplina in civitatem
(Latin, "Education for Citizenship")
Established 1870
School type Public, Land Grant
President Karen A. Holbrook
Location Columbus, OH, USA
Enrollment 37,411 undergraduate,
13,093 graduate
Faculty 5,029
Campus 1,755 acres (7 km²) Columbus campus
15,311 acres (62 km²) total
Sports teams Buckeyes. 19 men's varsity teams, 20 women's
Endowment $1.6 billion
Website osu.edu

The Ohio State University (formal name), also known as Ohio State or OSU1, is currently the third largest public university in the United States and ranked by US News as the best public university in Ohio and the twenty-first best public university in the nation. Ohio State's students attend either the main campus in Columbus, Ohio, or regional campuses located in Lima, Mansfield, Marion, Gibraltar Island (Stone Lab), Newark, and Wooster. The university was founded in 1870 as a land-grant university. Ohio State should not be confused with Ohio University, a separate institution located in Athens, Ohio.

Contents

Campus

The Columbus, Ohio campus is currently one of the largest student bodies in the USA, with 50,504 students enrolled. The university is ranked best public university in the state of Ohio by U.S. News and World Report in their annual college rankings special issue.

The medical school is home to the James Cancer Hospital, a cancer research institute, and the Richard M. Ross Heart Hospital, a research institute for cardiovascular disease. The Columbus campus is also home to the Wexner Center for the Arts. The current president is Karen A. Holbrook and Barbara R. Snyder is the Provost.

History

The Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College, founded in 1870 as a land-grant university in accordance with the Morrill Act of 1862, first opened its doors for students during the September of 1873. Initially, President Stanton of Miami University was trying to receive more state funding through the Morrill Land Grant Act and was instrumental in the founding of The Ohio State University. The school was originally situated within a farming community located on the northern edge of Columbus, and was intended to matriculate students of various agricultural and mechanical disciplines. After an 1878 vote passed in favor of broadening the spectrum of educational offerings, the college permanently changed its name to the now-familiar "The Ohio State University".

Ohio State operated The Big Ear, the largest and longest-running radio telescope SETI project in the world, until 1998.

Organization

The Ohio State University is comprised of the following colleges, schools, and campuses:

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Sports, clubs, and traditions

Ohio State's intercollegiate sports teams are called the "Buckeyes" (after the state tree, the Buckeye), and participate in the NCAA's Division I-A in all sports and the Big Ten Conference in most sports. (The men's hockey program competes in the Central Collegiate Hockey Association, and its women's hockey program competes in the Western Collegiate Hockey Association). The school colors are Scarlet and Gray, and the mascot of OSU is Brutus Buckeye.

The Buckeye football team, which plays at Ohio Stadium (a.k.a. the Horseshoe or simply The 'Shoe), won the 2002 college football national championship at the 2003 Fiesta Bowl. It was the fifth national championship for the football team, which also topped the nation in 1942, 1954, 1957, and 1968. Although Ohio State University does not recognize championships won in 1933, 1944, 1961, 1969, 1973, 1974, 1975, and 1998, various organizations awarded it the national championship, reaching a total of 13 titles. The most famous football coach in Ohio State's history was the colorful and legendary Woody Hayes (1913-1987), who passionately taught players and students that a person succeeds in life through "hard work."

The Buckeye football team also boasts 5 Heisman trophy winners including the only two-time winner Archie Griffin (in 1974 and 1975), Les Horvath (1944), Vic Janowicz (1950), Howard "Hopalong" Cassady (1955), and Eddie George (1995). Other outstanding sports figures that were students at Ohio State include Jesse Owens (track and field); Fred R. Taylor, John Havlicek, and Jerry Lucas (basketball); Frank Howard (baseball); Jack Nicklaus (golf); and Woody Hayes (football; M.A.).

Ohio State is known for its intense athletic rivalry (particularly in football) with the University of Michigan, to which OSU has an overall record of 38-57-6. The OSU/UM game is claimed to be the greatest rivalry in sports by ESPN [1].

The Makio is Ohio State's annual/yearbook. The Makio ran into financial problems during the early 1970s, and the organization went bankrupt and stopped publication during the late 1970s. The book was revived from 1985 to 1994, and has been revived again since 2000.

The Ohio State University Marching Band (or TBDBITL, "The Best Damn Band in the Land") is also a tradition at Ohio State. The marching band is the largest all brass band in the world. All songs are customized to fit the unorthodox instrumentation. The band is famous for "Script Ohio," during which the band marches through the curves of the word, spelling "Ohio" while playing the famous march Le Regiment de Sambre et Meuse.

OSU's "Buckeye Bullet" electric car broke the world record for the fastest speed by an electric vehicle on October 3, 2004 with a speed of 271.737 MPH (437.3 km/h) at the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah. The vehicle also holds the US record for fastest electric vehicle with a speed of 314.958 MPH (506.9 km/h), and peak timed mile speed of 321.834 MPH (517.9 km/h). The vehicle was designed, built and managed by a team of engineering students at the university's "Center for Automotive Research-Intelligent Transportation" (CAR-IT).

The Ohio State University Men's Glee Club, formed in 1875, is the oldest musical organization on campus. In 1990, the Men's Glee Club participated in the International Musical Eisteddfod in Llangolen, Wales and won the male chorus competition by an unprecedented 20 points before, in a unanimous decision of the judges, being named "Choir of the World"--the first American choir to win such an honor.

Often referred to as Ohio State University, the institution's proper name, when used as a noun, is The Ohio State University.

Ohio State-affiliated media

OSU operates a public television station, WOSU-TV 34 / WOSU-DT 38, as well as two public radio stations, WOSU-AM (NPR/BBC) and WOSU-FM (Classical) in Columbus, both with the call letters WOSU. In 2003, the television station began broadcasting in HDTV. There is also a student-run radio station with an Internet audio stream (no broadcast signals are available in Columbus) called "The Underground" and a student-run cable channel, airing primarily on the campus cable system operated by UNITS (the university's telecommunications department), known as Buckeye TV. The school newspaper is called The Lantern, and has operated as a laboratory newspaper in the School of Communication (formerly the School of Journalism) for more than 150 years. The student monthly newspaper is The Sentinel (formerly The Observer). The Sentinel serves as an analytical complement to The Lantern, offering fresh perspectives with a somewhat libertarian edge.

Notable alumni

External links

Image:Columbus-olentangy-river-bridge-night.jpg

Notes

  • Note 1: Source: US News & World Report: America's Best Colleges 2006. [2]


Big Ten Conference
IllinoisIndianaIowaMichiganMichigan StateMinnesota
NorthwesternOhio StatePenn StatePurdueWisconsin


Public universities in Ohio
AkronBowling GreenCentral StateCincinnatiCleveland StateKent StateMedical OhioMiamiNEOUCOMOhio StateOhioShawnee StateToledoWright StateYoungstown State

Image:Ohio state seal.png

de:Ohio State University zh:俄亥俄州立大学

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