United States Department of Energy

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Dept. of Energy


Established:August 4, 1977
Activated:October 1, 1977
Secretary:Samuel W. Bodman
Deputy Secretary:Clay Sell
Budget:$23.4 billion (2006)
Employees:16,100 federal
100,000 contract (2004)

The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government responsible for energy policy and nuclear safety. Its purview includes the nation's nuclear weapons program, nuclear reactor production for the United States Navy, energy conservation, energy-related research, radioactive waste disposal, and domestic energy production, many of which are funded through its system of national laboratories.

Many federal agencies have been established to handle various aspects of U.S. energy policy, dating back to the creation of the Manhattan Project and the subsequent Atomic Energy Commission. The impetus for putting them all under the auspices of a single department was the 1973 energy crisis, in response to which President Jimmy Carter proposed creation of the department. The enabling legislation was passed by Congress and signed into law by President Carter on August 4, 1977. The department began operations on October 1, 1977. The agency is administered by the United States Secretary of Energy.


Operating units

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission is an independent regulatory agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. The Department also manages the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Image:USADeptEnergyPNNL200106.jpg National laboratories administered by the Department include:

There are four Power Marketing Administrations within the Department:

Related legislation

See also

External links and sources

U.S. Department of Energy
 National Laboratory System 

 Albany | Ames | Argonne | Berkeley | Brookhaven
Fermilab | Idaho | Livermore | Los Alamos | NBL | NETL
NREL | Oak Ridge | Pacific Northwest | Princeton Plasma
RESL | Sandia | SLAC | SNS | TJNAF


United States Federal Executive Departments Image:Flag of the United States.svg
State | Treasury | Defense | Justice | Interior | Agriculture | Commerce | Labor | Health and Human Services | Housing and Urban Development | Transportation | Energy | Education | Veterans Affairs | Homeland Security

(Past departments: War | Navy | Post Office | Commerce and Labor | Health, Education, and Welfare)


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